There are a number of advantages to using the Just In Time production strategy few have been cited here: such as less waste, better quality and a number of manufacturing process benefits. Specifically, the best reasons for using Just In Time are increased productivity, competitive improvement, lowered costs and increased work satisfaction.
Increased productivity is a result of using Just In Time since it requires better organization of production. Without any organization, Just In Time will not benefit the company. When using this strategy, it is essential for the company to have complete awareness of the processes involved in production in order to simplify work preparation. Hewlett Packard found that using Just In Time allowed them to save up to 95% of assembly time.
This strategy also allows companies to gain advantage over their competition because it creates a business that is flexible and sees the need for effective communication between suppliers and customers. This permits companies to make quick decisions in response to the demands of the market. Customer loyalty is often a direct result of implementing Just In Time strategy.
Storage costs can be a significant drawback for companies. Just In Time allows companies to lower their costs of storage by a large amount since they only require materials at a certain stage. This makes for better flow of money and lowers the amount that is held in stock. Also, this means that there is less need for space to hold the additional goods. Hewlett Packard lowered their inventory quite drastically by implementing Just In Time. Warehouses can be quite expensive and Just In Time eliminates, or greatly reduces, that issue.
It is necessary for employees to be completely involved during the process of production. This increases their attention, skill and self-esteem by allowing them to have a fair bit of responsibility. Employees that are valued by their company, which is reflected through decision-making and similar factors, tend to perform better for the good of the company, instead of their area or department. This helps maintain employee loyalty, which results in less employee turnover and lessened costs related to recruitment. The best benefit for employees, and therefore the company, is raised morale.
Another factor that makes Just In Time very appealing for companies is that the costs that would have otherwise gone to inventory and storage can be used elsewhere, such as marketing, training and other important aspects. The storage space that would have otherwise been used for holding goods (only if it is not an additional warehouse, etc.,) can be used for something more productive.